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Periodontics treatment


Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that occurs in the gums and destroys all the supporting tissues of the tooth. The main cause of this disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky colourless film, which constantly forms on teeth. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque inflame the gums, causing infection. The less severe state of the disease is known as gingivitis and as the disease progresses pockets form. These are filled with infection and destroy more tissue, bone and teeth eventually become loose and lose. This phase is known as periodontitis.


• Bleeding while brushing or flossing.
• Gums that expose the roots of the teeth.
• Red gums, enlarged and easily mobile.
• Teeth mobile and start separating.
• Pus between the gum and the tooth.
• Persistent bad breath.
• Changes in the position of the bite of the teeth.
• Increased space between teeth.
• Sensitivity to cold food or liquid, hot or sweet.


However it is possible to have periodontal disease without noticing any of these signs, therefore it is important to apply a periodontal evaluation. Initially, plaque irritates the gums. If it hardens, it becomes tartar, and begins the destruction of the tissue that connects the tooth to the gums (gingivitis). With the retraction of the gum large voids are formed between the gingiva and the tooth, where plaque accumulates. If this continues to damage the bone and teeth loosen, they end up losing structural integrity and may loosen.


In the early stages of gum disease, treatment consists of removing plaque and calculus from the pockets around the teeth polishing and smoothing the roots. This eliminates the bacteria and irritants that cause inflammation. Usually treatment allows the gum adheres to the tooth, or shrinks back enough to remove the bag. In most cases, periodontal disease requires a scaling, root planning or also known complete disinfection of the mouth where it is removed as much as possible of bacteria are then proliferate in the oral cavity. This together with a preliminary examination in the laboratory, this identifies the predominant bacteria in the mouth so the correct antibiotics can be given to kill the bacteria are the ideal treatment to treat gum disease.


The good thing is that you can help prevent periodontal disease, taking care the teeth well every day and getting regular dental checkups. Here's how to keep your teeth and gums healthy.


Brush your teeth three times a day: This removes the film of bacteria from the teeth. Be sure to use a toothbrush with soft bristles that are in good condition. Toothpastes and mouth rinses containing fluoride strengthen teeth and prevent tooth decay.


Clean between teeth daily: Clean between your teeth with floss or interdental cleaners removes bacteria and food particles from between the teeth where the toothbrush can not reach. Often, you can turn back to periodontal disease (gum) early with brushing and flossing every day. If you use interdental cleaners, ask your dentist how to use them and not to hurt the gums.


Eat a balanced diet: Choose a variety of foods from the five basic food groups, such as breads, cereals and other grain products, fruits, vegetables, meat, poultry and fish, and dairy products like milk, cheese and yogurt. Limit snacks between meals.


Visit your dentist regularly: It is important to come to Dental Implant for regular dental checkups and professional cleanings are essential to prevent periodontal diseases.


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